SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TUNA LARVAE IN THE BANDA SEA WITH RELATION TO ITS CONSERVATION

Authors

  • Ahmad Romdon Research Center for Deep-Sea, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
  • Muhammad Fadli Research Center for Deep-Sea, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
  • Yance Hehuwat Research Center for Deep-Sea, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
  • La Pay Research Center for Deep-Sea, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
  • Widhya Nugroho Satrioajie Research Center for Deep-Sea, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
  • Augy Syahailatua Research Center for Oceanography, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14203/mri.v44i2.558

Keywords:

Tuna larvae, distribution, Banda Sea

Abstract

Tuna is the single valuable export fishery commodity in Indonesia, and Banda Sea is one of the main tuna fishing ground which belongs to fisheries management area (FMA) 714. More recently, the northern part of the Banda Sea has been preserved for tuna conservation since January 2015. The reason for this restriction is due to a preliminary of tuna spawning ground was adopted based on the scientific finding. Although conservation area has been enacted, information on the distribution of tuna larvae as a key variable for establishing conservation area in the Banda Sea needs to be improved through scientific findings. This study aims to provide the information on the tuna larvae encompassing the spatial distribution and tuna larval development stage as an important input to establish tuna conservation area. Tuna larvae data collection were carried out from several onboard surveys for more than four decades. Those study consisted of 21 surveys by using three types of gears to collect tuna larvae. Total of 143 stations was sampled from these surveys and tuna larvae were found in 57 stations. The average length of larvae specimens was 7.36 ± 0.33 mm. In general, tuna larvae found in the Banda Sea were in the pre-flexion, flexion, and post-flexion stage and larvae in pre-flexion stage found in the nearshore area. We concluded that the result of this study confirmed the hypothesis that tuna might spawn in the Banda Sea. Therefore, to strengthen this finding, studies on tuna larvae should be conducted regularly to clarify properly that the Banda Sea is an important tuna conservation zone.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Abri, N. M., A. Piontko, S., Rabbaniha, M., Al-Hashmi, K., and Chesalina, T. (2017). Taxonomic Composition and Seasonal Changes of Fish Larvae Assemblages in Coastal Waters of Muscat, Sea of Oman (2013-2015). Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 12(2), 95–105. https://doi.org/10.3923/jfas.2017.95.105

Allman, R. J., and Grimes, C. B. (1998). Growth and mortality of little tunny (Euthynnus alletteratus) larvae off the Mississippi River plume and Panama City, Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science, 62(1), 189–197.

Boehlert, G. W., Watson, W., and Sun, L. C. (1992). Horizontal and vertical distributions of larval fishes around an isolated oceanic island in the tropical Pacific. Deep-Sea Research Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers, 39(3–4), 439–466. https://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(92)90082-5

Cornic, M., Smith, B. L., Kitchens, L. L., Alvarado Bremer, J. R., and Rooker, J. R. (2018). Abundance and habitat associations of tuna larvae in the surface water of the Gulf of Mexico. Hydrobiologia, 806(1), 29–46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-017-3330-0

García, A., Alemany, F., Velez-Belchí, P., Jurado, J. L. L., Cortés, D., Serna, J. M. D. La, Pola, C. G., Rodríguez, J. M., Jansá, J., and Ramírez, T. (2005). Characterization of the Bluefin Tuna Spawning Habitat Off the Balearic Archipelago in Relation To Key Hydrographic. Collected Volume of Scientific Papers ICCAT, 58(2), 535–549.

García, A., Cortés, D., Ramírez, T., Fehri-Bedoui, R., Alemany, F., Rodríguez, J. M., Carpena, Á., and Álvarez, J. P. (2006). First data on growth and nucleic acid and protein content of field-captured Mediterranean bluefin (Thunnus thynnus) and albacore (Thunnus alalunga) tuna larvae: a comparative study. Scientia Marina, 70(S2), 67–78. https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2006.70s267

Hitchman, S. M., Reyns, N. B., and Thompson, A. R. (2012). Larvae define spawning habitat of bocaccio rockfish Sebastes paucispinis within and around a large Southern California marine reserve. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 465(July), 227–242. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09926

Izumi, K., Tomoji, I., Akio, H., Shigeo, T., Yosuke, O., and Satoshi, M. (2014). 日本産稚魚図鑑 = An atlas of early stage fishes in Japan: 2nd ed. (Kanagawa: Tokai University Press). pp 977- 1641.

Kendall, A. W., Jr., Ahlstrom, E. H., and Moser, H. G. (1984). Early Life History Stages of Fishes and Their Characters. COHEN: Ontogeny, Systematics. Phylogeny. 11-22.

Kendall, A. W., Jr. (2011). Identification of eggs and larvae of marine fishes. (Kanagawa: Tokai University Press). p 379.

Koched, W., Alemany, F., Rimel, B., and Hattour, A. (2016). Characterization of the spawning area of tuna species on the northern Tunisian coasts. Scientia Marina, 80(2), 187–198. https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04332.27a

Laiz-Carrión, R., Quintanilla, J. M., Torres, A. P., Alemany, F., and García, A. (2013). Hydrographic patterns conditioning variable trophic pathways and early life dynamics of bullet tuna Auxis rochei larvae in the Balearic Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 475(December 2014), 203–212. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10108

Lang, K. L., Grimes, C. B., and Shaw, R. F. (1994). Variations in the age and growth of yellowfin tuna larvae, Thunnus albacares, collected about the Mississippi River plume. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 39(3), 259–270. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00005128

Lehodey, P., Senina, I., Wibawa, T. A., Titaud, O., Calmettes, B., Conchon, A., Tranchant, B., and Gaspar, P. (2018). Operational modelling of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) spatial dynamics in the Indonesian region. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 131(August 2017), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.08.020

Leis, J. M., and Carson-Ewart. (2004). The larvae of Indo-Pacific coastal fishes: an identification guide to marine fish larvae 2nd ed. (Leiden; Boston: Brill). p 850.

López-Sanz, À., Vert, N., Zabala, M., and Sabatés, A. (2009). Small-scale distribution of fish larvae around the Medes Islands marine protected area (NW Mediterranean). Journal of Plankton Research, 31(7), 763–775. https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbp024

Menteri Perikanan dan Kelautan. (2015). Peraturan Menteri Kelautan Dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia.

Miyashita, S., Sawada, Y., Okada, T., Murata, O., and Kumai, H. (2001). Morphological development and growth of laboratory-reared larval and juvenile Thunnus thynnus (Pisces: Scombridae). Fishery Bulletin, 99(4), 601–616.

Neira, F. J., Miskiewicz, A. G., and Trnski, T. (1998) Larvae of temperate Australian fishes: laboratory guide for larval fish identification. (Nedlands: University of Western Australia Press). p 474.

Nishikawa, Y., and Rimmer, D. W. (1987) Identification of larval tunas, billfishes and other scombroid fishes (Suborder Scombroidei): an illustrated guide. Series report Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia) Marine Laboratories no. 186 (Melbourne: CSIRO). p 25.

Sarropoulou, E., Moghadam, H. K., Papandroulakis, N., De La Gándara, F., Garcia, A. O., and Makridis, P. (2014). The Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda, Bloch 1793) transcriptome and detection of differential expression during larvae development. PLoS ONE, 9(2), 7–13. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087744

Satrioajie, W. N., Suyadi, Syahailatua, A., and Wouthuyzen, S. (2018). The importance of the Banda Sea for tuna conservation area: A review of studies on the biology and the ecology of tuna. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 184). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/184/1/012004

Soewito, and Schalk, P. H. (1990). Spatial and seasonal patterns in fish larvae distribution in the Banda Sea (Indonesia). Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 25(4), 591–600. https://doi.org/10.1016/0077-7579(90)90081-Q

Sunoko, R., and Huang, H. W. (2014). Indonesia tuna fisheries development and future strategy. Marine Policy, 43, 174–183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.05.011

Syamsudin, F., van Aken, H. M., and Kaneko, A. (2010). Annual variation of the southern boundary current in the Banda Sea. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 50(2), 129–139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2009.12.005

Tapilatu, Y., Sabandar, A. H., Salawane, V., and Syahailatua, A. (2018). Fish larval composition and distribution assessment in the northern waters of Ambon Island. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 184, p. 12008). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/184/1/012008

Tzeng, W. N., Wang, Y. T., and Chern, Y. T. (1997). Species composition and distribution of fish larvae in Yenliao Bay, northeastern Taiwan. Zoological Studies, 36(2), 146–158.

Wagiyo, K., Chodrijah, U., and Restiangsih, Y. H. (2012). Kelimpahan dan sebaran larva scombridae di perairan laut banda. (A. Suman, Wudianto, & B. Sumiono, Eds.). IPB Press.

Downloads

Published

2019-12-28

How to Cite

Romdon, A., Fadli, M., Hehuwat, Y., Pay, L., Satrioajie, W. N., & Syahailatua, A. (2019). SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TUNA LARVAE IN THE BANDA SEA WITH RELATION TO ITS CONSERVATION. Marine Research in Indonesia, 44(2), 82–90. https://doi.org/10.14203/mri.v44i2.558

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles