• Mochamad Riza Iskandar Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
  • Dewi Surinati Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)



Mixed Layer Salinity (MLS), Salinity budget, Southeast Indian Ocean, decadal


The decadal of mixed layer salinity budget in the southeastern Indian Ocean (SETIO) is evaluated by using monthly gridded reanalysis ocean dataset (Estimated State of Global Ocean for Climate Research (ESTOC)) from January 1960 to December 2014. The evaluation of salinity budget through the examination of atmospheric flux, surface advection, Ekman advection and entrainment terms. The mixed layer salinity (MLS) in the outflow of the ITF shows decadal cycle. The decadal MLS tendency follows the Ekman advection term. The other processes such as atmospheric surface flux, surface advection and entrainment terms are counterbalanced and small correlates to the salinity tendency.


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Author Biographies

Mochamad Riza Iskandar, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Research Center for Oceanography

Dewi Surinati, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Research Center for Oceanography


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How to Cite

Iskandar, M. R., & Surinati, D. (2019). DECADAL MIXED LAYER SALINITY IN THE SOUTHEASTERN INDIAN OCEAN. Marine Research in Indonesia, 44(2), 72–81.



Original Research Articles